The Ministry of Water and Sanitation of Burkina Faso organized the official ceremony at Kougsin (in the rural commune of Sourgou, Centre Ouest Region) to launch the Presidential Program for water and sanitation. Chaired by His Excellency, Mr. Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, President of Burkina Faso, the theme of this ceremony was: "make the right to water and sanitation a reality, the government is committed" USAID WA-WASH was represented at the ceremony by Dr. Lakhdar Boukerrou, the Regional Director, and two of his collaborators. USAID WA-WASH also hosted an exhibition stand.
"Zero water drudgery by 2020" is the vision of the Burkina Faso’s President’s emergency Program to ensure sustainable access to drinking water services for the population. The official ceremony organized to launch the Presidential emergency Program for water and sanitation shows the commitment of the government of Burkina Faso to overcome water shortages and the lack of sanitation facilities which affects both the urban and rural populations.
During this ceremony, Mr. Niouga Ambroise Ouédraogo, Minister of Water and Sanitation said, "Despite efforts from the government and its partners, despite the many achievements reached as part of the implementation of the National Program for potable water and sanitation services delivery (PN-AEPA in French) over the period 2007-2015, the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) related to access to safe water and sanitation have not been reached in Burkina Faso."
According to the Government of Burkina Faso, the achievements still fall short of the expectations of the population. In terms of statistics, the rate of access to drinking water and sanitation as of December 31, 2015 is 65% and 68% in rural and urban areas, respectively. At the same date, the rate of access to sanitation is estimated at 12% in rural areas and 34.2% in urban areas.
To increase these rates in rural areas, the government plans to construct: 7,500 new boreholes; 306 modern large diameter wells; and 500 simplified drinking water supply systems (AEPS in French) to serve all the seats of the rural municipalities. The government also plan to rehabilitate 2,500 boreholes and 400 simplified drinking water supply systems (AEPS).
The urban areas are also included in the government plan, with the extension of the water distribution networks with an additional 4,000 km and the production of an extra drinking water supply estimated at 85,000 m3 per day.
The sanitation sector also occupies an important place in the implementation of the Presidential Program. The government plans to build 35,297 latrines in the rural areas, of which, 324 school latrines, 41 institutional latrines (health centers), 92 community latrines, and 34,932 household latrines.
In urban areas, the plan calls for the construction of 15,000 household latrines, 125 institutional latrines in schools, 218 institutional latrines in public places, and 1,445 cesspits.
The exhibition stand of USAID WA-WASH welcomed many visitors including President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, the Prime Minister, the Minister of Water and Sanitation, and the Vice President and members of the National Assembly. Through the discussions he had with Dr. Lakhdar Boukerrou, President Kaboré learned of the activities and achievements of the USAID WA-WASH Program. He showed a particular interest in the rope pump and the treatment of water at the household level, two of the innovative and low-cost technologies promoted by USAID WA-WASH and used in different regions of Burkina Faso.
Over the last four years (2011-2015), USAID WA-WASH contributed to increasing the rate of access to water and sanitation in Burkina Faso. In terms of achievements the Program accomplished the following:
- 197 family water points installed and 12 rehabilitated boreholes for the benefit of 18,560 individuals.
- The construction of mini water distribution system which includes 64,5 km of pipes and the installation of 40 public taps for the benefit of 22,745 individuals
- 3,293,400 tablets sold for the treatment of water at the household level, resulting in 65,868,000 liters of water treated between August 2013 and August 2015
- 4,922 household latrines constructed within the target communities
- 2,303 hand-washing stations with soap installed.
The monitoring activities planned for Phase II (2016-2017) offer the opportunity to USAID WA-WASH to encourage the beneficiary populations to take care of their water and sanitation facilities and to continue to improve their living conditions. In addition, the collaboration with the government and local stakeholders will help ensure the sustainability of these water and sanitation facilities and also contribute to the success of the Presidential Program for water and sanitation.